Guide for Authors

    Aims and Scope
    Editorial Board
    Guide For Authors
    Submit Your Paper
    Reviewers of Papers  
    • The Moravian Geographical Reports [MGR] is a peer-reviewed international journal that has been published in English continuously since 1993 by The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geonics, through its Department of Environmental Geography. The journal followed the traditions of the Reports of the Institute of Geography of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, a journal which was published from 1963 to 1992. The title of the journal celebrates its origins in the historic lands of Moravia in the eastern half of the Czech Republic. Since 2023, the MGR is co-published by Palacký University Olomouc, Faculty of Science through its Department of Geography.

      The MGR has been indexed in the SCOPUS database since 1993. In 2012, the MGR was selected for coverage in the WEB OF SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters/Clarivate Analytics) products and customs information services. Beginning with Volume 19 (2011), this publication is indexed and abstracted in the Social Science Citation Index ®, Current Contents Connect ®, and Journal Citation Reports/Social Science Edition ®.

      The Moravian Geographical Reports is a non-commercial open-access journal, publishing electronic articles in the “platinum” open-access mode (i.e., no fees for readers and no article processing charges or publication fees for authors). MGR is published four times per year -- at the end of every third month of the year. Beginning with Volume 21 (2013), the electronic contents are published also on the De Gruyter/Sciendo publishing company website. Starting with Volume 28 (2020), the journal is published only in electronic form.

    • As a general purpose geographical journal, MGR receives and evaluates articles contributed by both human and physical geographers, as well as by other researchers who specialize in related disciplines, including the social sciences (environmental studies, regional and urban planning, etc.) and geosciences. The MGR aims to publish rigorous and impactful research on topics responding to the role of regions and localities in a globalized society, given the geographic scale at which they are evaluated

      We recognize the challenges that our society needs to cope with during the current environmental crisis and emphasize the unique role of Geography in understanding the processes of sustainability transition and climate change adaptation, by paying attention to particular geographic settings, spatial configurations, and the dynamics of networks within which the processes are contextualized. Several inter-related questions are stressed: problems of regional economies and society; society in an urban or rural context; spatial organization of geographical systems; the quality of life and spatial behaviours; regional perspectives on the impacts of human activities on landscapes and environments; energy sustainability and environmental restoration; and geographic processes in landscape evolution, including the evaluation of hazards. Theoretical questions in geography are also addressed, especially the relations between human and physical geography in their regional dimensions.

      The journal has a distinct regional orientation, broadly for countries in Europe, with a special emphasis on issues that are different for Central and/or East-Central Europe. Submissions dealing with regions outside of Europe are not accepted, except for invited contributions to thematic Special Issues.

    • The journal, Moravian Geographical Reports, welcomes the following types of papers:

      (1) Original Research Papers (6,000 – 8,000 words): the backbone of individual journal issues. These contributions from geography and regionally-oriented results of empirical research in various disciplines, normally have theoretical and methodological sections and must be anchored in the international literature. We recommend following the classical structure of a research paper: introduction, including objectives; theoretical background, including references to the international literature; research design and methodological bases for the work; empirical elaboration of the project; evaluation of results and discussion; conclusions with respect to original objectives; and references. With the exception of purely theoretical papers, each contribution should contain colour graphic enclosures such as maps, charts, diagrams, photographs, etc. Some of the illustrative photographs may be placed on the second, third or fourth cover pages of the journal. For the majority of papers, a simple map indicating the geographical location of the study region should be provided. Any grant(s) received to support the research work should be acknowledged (at the conclusion of the paper). Research papers include an abstract (up to 200 words) and three to six (3-6) keywords. The length of the text should be in the range of 6,000 – 8,000 words (the word count does not include the abstract, tables, figures, and references), plus a maximum of three (3) pages of enclosures (tables, figures). The number of graphic enclosures can be increased by one page provided the text is shortened by 500 words below the maximum allowable length (per graphic page). All submissions in the research papers section are subject to a peer-review process by at least two independent reviewers appointed by the Editorial Board.

      (2) Review Papers (6,000 – 8,000 words): Review papers provide a critical evaluation of recent developments in scientific disciplines or fields of research, including historical overviews, recent scientific advances, and/or perspectives for future research. The aim of review articles is to provide a comprehensive foundation on topics, to explain the current state of knowledge, to highlight the main methodologies and research techniques, and to identify gaps in existing studies for potential future research. The main text should be approximately 6,000 words in length, but it should not exceed 8,000 words (excluding abstract, tables, figures, and references). A maximum of 130 references is allowed.

      (3) Moravian Geographical Reports occasionally publishes Invited Reviews of major monographs from Geography and related disciplines, published as books or atlases. Review essays are contributed exclusively on request from the Editorial Board. The review must contain a complete citation of the reviewed work and its maximum text length is 2,000 words. Graphics are not expected for the reviews section.

    • Papers submitted to the journal are subject to two levels of review:

      (1) First, selected Editor(s) from the Editorial Board (based on the subject matter of the paper) will screen them to determine their appropriateness for MGR., with respect to the Aims and Scope of the journal, as well as to gauge their originality, methodological rigour and the quality of English writing/expression. Manuscripts rejected at this stage of the Editorial initial review are either insufficiently original, or have scientific flaws, are expressed in poor grammar/English, or are outside of the aims and scope of the journal. Poor English language usage is a common reason for initial rejection. Failure to follow the Guide for Authors and the Technical Instructions will result in the manuscript being desk-rejected and returned to the author for revision;

      (2) Then, manuscripts that meet the MGR standard criteria and pass the Editorial screening will undergo rigorous peer-review by at least two anonymous referees (double-blind review). These reviewers advise the Associate (Coordinating) Editors (members of the Editorial Board), who are responsible for decisions regarding the manuscripts.

      Generally, articles can receive one of the following types of decisions:

        Accept – The paper is accepted for publication with no further review. The Editorial team needs to check that everything required to pass the paper to production is present. Authors may be asked for minor adjustments regarding the formatting of tables, figures, references and the like. The MGR reserves the right to final proofreading of English language usage for accepted papers, which is provided by the Editor-in-Chief;
        Minor revision The paper has a good possibility of being accepted, but requires additional changes to be made to satisfy the reviewers/Associate Editors. A re-submitted revised paper proceeds to Editorial review with likely no further peer re-review (the Associate Editor reserves the right to send it to further peer-review);
        Major revision – The paper requires substantial changes to be made for a new consideration. It provides no guarantee that a paper will be accepted but there is a second review. The revised paper proceeds to Editorial review, always followed by peer re-review. The MGR generally allows for only one major revision iteration, during which all reviewers’ and Associate Editors’ comments must be met by authors, who are required to submit the revised version of the manuscript within a period of maximally three months;
        Reject (revise and resubmit) – Rejects a paper (after initial Editorial review) with the possibility to revise and resubmit for a new consideration. The submission fits the aims and scope of the journal, is original and scientifically sound but in its current state does not meet some criteria for peer-review (e.g., insufficient English, inappropriate format/structure, and the like);
        Reject (in review process) – Rejects a paper (after peer-review) with no chance for re-review. Authors are not invited to revise and re-submit the manuscript because the submission in its current state is not suitable/adequate for the journal. This rejection decision can come after the first round of peer-review, but also after the revisions and a second round review has been made. After rejection, a revised submission of such a paper will not be considered; and
        Reject – Rejects the paper (after initial Editorial review) with no chance for re-review. Authors are not invited to revise and resubmit the manuscript because the submission in its current state is not suitable/adequate for the journal (outside of aims and scope, not meeting the standard criteria of originality/quality, etc.). A revised submission of this paper will not be considered.

      During the submission process, the authors are asked to submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees for their manuscript. Please, note that the Editorial team member retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.

      To assist with the advancement of the journal, all authors of accepted articles in MGR may be requested to review at least one article in the area of their expertise.

    • MGR journal uses the ScholarOne Manuscripts system for on-line submission and manuscript tracking. The submission proceeds totally on-line and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.

      Please submit your article via ScholarOne Manuscripts →

      You can contact for any Editorial-related queries, or for more general questions concerning your proposed submission.

      Preparing your files

      To submit your manuscript, you need the following files:

        - Title Page file (including the names and affiliations of all authors and co-authors);  
        - Main Document file (including title, abstract, keywords, main text, tables, figures and references), which should be kept anonymous for the purpose of double-blind peer review;  
        - Figure files;  
        - Table files;  
        - Any supplemental files (e.g., supplemental material, data, biographical notes, etc.); and  
        - a Cover Letter  

      Formatting requirements
      The ‘main document’ and ‘title page’ should be supplied in MS Word (*.docx). The text should be in single-column and single-spaced format. Individual paragraphs should relate to one principal idea and should not be longer than c.15-20 lines, and they are separated by the enter key. Individual words are separated by just one space character. Please use some of the common true-type fonts (e.g., Times New Roman; Cambria; 12-point size), and keep the layout of the text as simple as possible, avoiding bullets and similar styles

      The Title page should include the following information:
      Title – be concise and informative, avoiding abbreviations (up to 50 words);
      Running Head – a shortened form of the title in uppercase letters (up to 50 characters including spaces);
      Author Names and Affiliations – all authors’ full names and affiliations (to indicate the authors’ ORCID is highly recommended). The authors’ affiliation addresses should represent the place here the submitted work was done. The corresponding author who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication should be indicated (including E-mail address and full postal address);
      Abstract - a concise and factual abstract (up to 200 words) is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. References and uncommon abbreviations should be avoided;
      Keywords - provide from 3 to 6 keywords, which will be used for indexing purposes; place names (if applicable) and country should be indicated at the end of this list; and
      Acknowledgement(s) – identify the sources of financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article.

      Main document
      Divide your paper into clearly defined and numbered sections (1, 2, …). Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2,...), 1.2, …., etc. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. We recommend following the classical structure of a research paper, including the following sections (general titles are indicated here, but authors are encouraged to present their own more specific titles, e.g., ‘Data and methods’ could equally be called ‘Methodology’ or ‘Research Design’, etc.):
      Introduction – state the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results;
      Theoretical background – explore and critically discuss theoretical concepts and hypotheses guiding your research project (relevant to the project, and including information from a recent international literature search). This part should extend, but not repeat the background to the article, already dealt with in the Introduction, and lay the foundation for further work (i.e., present hypotheses or more detailed objectives to be examined in the work);
      Data and methods – provide sufficient detail about data sources, the area under study (including a location map), research methods and techniques that allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by references;
      Results – provide clear and concise presentation and interpretation of results. With the exception of purely theoretical papers, it is advisable to use graphical representations of results, such as maps, charts, diagrams, etc.;
      Discussion – review the significance of the results and contributions to current knowledge, policy and/or practice (in the light of previous studies and/or the international context). To combine Results and Discussion into one section is often appropriate;
      Conclusions (and Policy Implications) - the main conclusions and policy implications (if applicable) of the study should be presented in this section. A future research agenda may be suggested here; and
      References – a full bibliographic list, ordered alphabetically (see later ‘Reference style’).

      Tables and Figures
      All tables and figures with captions should be included following mention in the relevant text in the main document, i.e., when feasible before the next paragraph break. The corresponding caption should be placed directly below the figure or table. Submit tables as editable text and not as images. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. Figures should be inserted in the main document in reasonable resolution to avoid unnecessary file size. Be sparing in the use of tables and figures (graphs, diagrams, maps) and ensure that the data presented in tables and figures do not simply duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Tables and figures must be numbered consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text (Tab. 1, Tab. 2, …, etc.; Fig. 1, Fig. 2, …, etc.). Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript letters. All tables and figures must contain information on the original data source (including reference to ‘author’s calculations’, ´authors´ elaboration´ or similar)! The figures (photographs, maps, charts, etc.) included in the document file should be inserted at a reduced size (monitor resolution). Together with the main document file, all figures must be submitted as single files (formatted as *.jpg or *.tiff) at a higher resolution (300 dpi minimum).

      Mathematical/statistical formulae
      Mathematical equations and statistical expressions should be inserted as editable text and not as images. Present simple formulae in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (and if referred to explicitly in the text). Editorial typesetting is made easier by using LaTeX (also supported in Word), see Matthews, D. (2019): Craft beautiful equations in Word with LaTeX. Nature, 570, 263-264.

      Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.

      Your Cover letter should include the following information:

        - Your manuscript’s title and the name of the journal to which you are making a submission;
        - A brief description of the research you are reporting in your paper, why it is important, and why you think the readers of the MGR would be interested in it;
      - A statement that your paper has not been previously published and is not currently under consideration by another journal; and
        - The contact information for you and any co-authors.

      Please, avoid too much detail – keep your cover letter to a maximum of one page, as an introduction and brief overview.

    • MGR journal uses the APA style of reference citation as described in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and the Concise Guide to APA Style (7th Edition), see

      In-text citations
      Each reference cited in the text must be present in the ‘References’ list and each work in the Reference list must be cited in the text (or in a table, figure, footnote, or appendix). Citations in the text must include information about the author(s) and year of publication. For a work with one or two authors, include the author name(s) in every citation – using “and” between two authors for narrative citations and the ampersand (“&”) for parenthetical citations. For a work with three or more authors, include the name of only the first author plus “et al.” in every citation (even the first citation). In parenthetical citations, the author name and publication date appear in parentheses (e.g., Castree, 2015; Hansen & Coenen, 2015; Sovacool et al., 2022). In narrative citations, the author name is incorporated into the text as part of the sentence and the year follows in parentheses, such as e.g., “the significant role of geographers in the sustainability transition research has been by emphasized by Castree (2015) or Hansen and Coenen (2015)”. Page numbers should be given when using specific points from a work, including direct quotations or referring to a given part of it (Cowell, 2017, p. 170).

      A reference list entry generally has four elements: the author, date, title, and source. All entries under References appear in the alphabetic order of names of authors. If the author is unknown, the work will be enlisted by the authority institution or the first letter of the work title. The date refers to the date of publication of the work. Most references use only the year. For works from a reference category that includes the month and day along with the year (e.g., online magazine or newspaper articles, blog posts, press releases, etc.), put the year first, followed by a comma, and then the month and date. The source indicates where readers can retrieve the cited work. The source for a work that is part of a greater whole (journal articles, edited books, etc.) is that greater whole (i.e., the journal or edited book) plus any applicable DOI or URL. The source for a work that stands alone (e.g., whole book, report, dissertation thesis, etc.) is the publisher of the work plus any applicable DOI or URL. For web references, the website name and URL are required. Most web references do not need to include retrieval dates. Include a retrieval date only if the work is unarchived and designed to change over time. All web references, as well as statistical data sources, should be included in the reference list. Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors (inadequate and/or incomplete reference citations are a common source of initial rejection).

      Reference examples:

      Journal Article:
      Castree, N. (2015). Geographers and the discourse of an Earth transformed: Influencing the intellectual weather or changing the intellectual climate?. Geographical Research, 53(3), 244-254.
      Hansen, T., & Coenen, L. (2015). The geography of sustainability transitions: Review, synthesis and reflections on an emergent research field. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 17, 92-109.
      Sovacool, B. K., Axsen, J., Delina, L. L., Boudet, H. S., Rai, V., Sidortsov, R., ... & Galvin, R. (2022). Towards codes of practice for navigating the academic peer review process. Energy Research & Social Science, 89, 102675.

      Online Magazine Article:
      Oltermann, P. (2022, October 26). Stop dismantling German windfarm to expand coalmine, say authorities. The Guardian.

      Authored Book:
      Pasqualetti, J. M. (2021). The Thread of Energy. Oxford University Press.

      Chapter in Edited Book:
      Cowell, R. (2017). Siting dynamics in energy transitions: How generating electricity from natural gas saves cherished landscapes. In S. Bouzarovski, M. J. Pasqualetti, & V. C. Broto (Eds.), The Routledge research companion to energy geographies (pp. 167-183). Taylor & Francis.

      Webpage on a Website References:
      Czech Statistical Office (2012). The development of coal mining since 1782 in the territory of the Czech Republic [Data set]. In Historical energy statistic yearbook. Czech Statistical Office. (2022). Central Bank key rates. Countryeconomy. Retrieved September 30, 2022, from
      Eurostat (2020). Energy consumption in households. Eurostat. eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Energy_consumption_in_ households
      Mehryar, S. (2022, September, 12). What is the difference between climate change adaptation and resilience? The London School of Economics and Political Science.

      More information on references and reference examples are in the APA Publication Manual. Also see the Reference Examples on the APA website: references/examples

    • The submission of a paper implies that the paper has not been published previously in any other periodical nor in a different publication (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its potential publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted and published, it will not be published elsewhere, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the MGR publisher. To verify originality, the submissions may be checked by the iThenticate plagiarism detection software.

      Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete and sign the Declaration of Authorship and Publishing Agreement, by which the authors provide the publisher with the license to publish their paper in both the electronic and printed versions of the Moravian Geographical Reports, to distribute it, and to resell and disseminate it via third parties, i.e., the cooperating publishing companies and bibliographic databases, including De Gruyter/Sciendo company, Clarivate Analytics (Web of Science), Elsevier (Scopus), Czech Geographical Bibliography (Geobibline), American Geographical Society Library, et cetera. The publication of papers in MGR is free of charge and without honorarium for authors.